Canadian Citizenship Requirements
To be eligible to become a Canadian citizen, applicant needs to meet all conditions as follow:
- Age: Applicant must be at least 18 years old to apply for Canadian citizenship. Applicant must to apply for child who is under 18, and if they are their biological parent, adoptive parent or legal guardian. Also, they’re a permanent resident and eligible for citizenship.
- Permanent resident status: Applicant must have:
- Permanent Resident Status in Canada
- No unfulfilled conditions related to his/her PR status
- The PR status must not be in question. This means applicant must not be under review for immigration or fraud reasons, have certain unfulfilled conditions related to his/her PR status or be under a removal order (an order from Canadian officials to leave Canada)
- Duration of living in Canada: Applicant must have been physically present in Canada as a permanent resident for at least:
- 1,460 days during the six years right before the date he/she signs his/her application
- 183 days during each of four calendar years that are fully or partially within the six years right before the date he/she applies. When calculating how long applicant has lived in Canada, he/she can only count time spent after he/she became a permanent resident. These requirements don’t apply to children under 18.
- Income tax filing: Applicant must meet his/her personal income tax filing obligations in four tax years that are fully or partially within the six years right before the date he/she applies.
- Intent to reside: Applicant must declare his/her intent to live in Canada during the citizenship application process. This means that to become a citizen, applicant must plan to:
- Live in Canada or
- Work outside Canada as a Crown servant or
- Live outside Canada with certain family members who are Crown servants
Note: Once applicant becomes a Canadian citizen, applicant has the right to enter, remain in, or leave Canada as a basic right of citizenship.
- Language abilities: To become a citizen, applicant must show his/her English or French language skills. If applicant is 14 to 64 years old, he/she must prove his/her knowledge in speaking and listening in English (CLB Level 4) or French (NCLC Level 4).
- Canadian knowledge: To become a citizen, applicant will need to take a test to meet the knowledge requirement for citizenship. Applicant needs to answer questions about Canada’s:
- Rights, responsibilities and privileges of citizenship such as voting in elections and obeying the law
The tests are:
- In English or French
- Given to applicants 14 to 64 years old
- Made up of questions based on the Discover Canada study guide
- Usually in a written format, unless applicant needs to take it orally with a citizenship officer.
- Prohibitions: If applicant has committed a crime in or outside Canada, he/she may not be eligible to become a Canadian citizen for a period of time. This includes if you:
- Are serving a sentence outside Canada
- Are in prison, on parole or on probation in Canada
- Are charged with, on trial for, or involved in an appeal of serious crimes in or outside Canada
- have been convicted in the four years before applying for citizenship of any serious crimes inside or outside of Canada
- Time in prison, on parole or on probation doesn’t count as time of living in Canada.